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TitleAdult hippocampal neurogenesis occurs in the absence of Presenilin 1 and Presenilin 2.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsDhaliwal, Jagroop, Timal S. Kannangara, Michael Vaculik, Yingben Xue, Keren L. Kumar, Amanda Maione, Jean-Claude Béïque, Jie Shen, and Diane C. Lagace
JournalSci Rep
Volume8
Issue1
Pagination17931
Date Published2018 Dec 18
ISSN2045-2322
Abstract

Mutations in the presenilin genes (PS1 and PS2) are a major cause of familial-Alzheimer's disease (FAD). Presenilins regulate neurogenesis in the developing brain, with loss of PS1 inducing aberrant premature differentiation of neural progenitor cells, and additional loss of PS2 exacerbating this effect. It is unclear, however, whether presenilins are involved in adult neurogenesis, a process that may be impaired in Alzheimer's disease within the hippocampus. To investigate the requirement of presenilins in adult-generated dentate granule neurons, we examined adult neurogenesis in the PS2-/- adult brain and then employ a retroviral approach to ablate PS1 selectively in dividing progenitor cells of the PS2-/- adult brain. Surprisingly, the in vivo ablation of both presenilins resulted in no defects in the survival and differentiation of adult-generated neurons. There was also no change in the morphology or functional properties of the retroviral-labeled presenilin-null cells, as assessed by dendritic morphology and whole-cell electrophysiology analyses. Furthermore, while FACS analysis showed that stem and progenitor cells express presenilins, inactivation of presenilins from these cells, using a NestinCreER inducible genetic approach, demonstrated no changes in the proliferation, survival, or differentiation of adult-generated cells. Therefore, unlike their significant role in neurogenesis during embryonic development, presenilins are not required for cell-intrinsic regulation of adult hippocampal neurogenesis.

DOI10.1038/s41598-018-36363-7
Alternate JournalSci Rep
PubMed ID30560948