Search form

TitleAmiloride modulation of carbon dioxide hypersensitivity and thermal nociceptive hypersensitivity induced by interference with early maternal environment.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsBattaglia, Marco, Orlane Rossignol, Karine Bachand, Francesca R. D'Amato, and Yves De Koninck
JournalJ Psychopharmacol
Date Published2018 06 01

BACKGROUND: Early life adversities are risk factors for anxiety disorders and for pain syndromes, which are, in turn, highly comorbid with anxiety disorders. Repeated cross-fostering mouse pups to adoptive lactating females induces epigenetic modification and heightened mRNA-expression of the acid-sensing-ion-channel-1 gene, altered nociception, and hypersensitivity to 6% carbon dioxide air mixtures, a trait marker of specific human anxiety disorders such as, most clearly and prominently, panic disorder.

AIMS: We hypothesized that the acid-sensing ion channel inhibitor amiloride can modulate repeated cross-fostering animals' exaggerated responses to carbon dioxide and nociceptive thermal stimulation.

METHODS: Respiratory carbon dioxide sensitivity was assessed by plethysmography during 6% carbon dioxide air mixture challenges, and nociception was assessed by latency of paw withdrawal to thermal stimulation, in repeated cross-fostering and control animals. To circumvent the blood-brain barrier, prior to testing, amiloride was nebulized in a plethysmograph. Data were analyzed by general linear models.

RESULTS: Analyses of tidal volume responses to 6% carbon dioxide of animals pre-treated with nebulized amiloride/saline in a randomized crossover design showed significant modulatory effect of amiloride, and amiloride×repeated cross-fostering interaction. In contrast, repeated cross-fostering animals' responses to 6% carbon dioxide after intraperitoneal amiloride, saline, or no treatment, were no different. Analyses of responses to thermal stimuli showed a significant modulatory effect of nebulized amiloride, and repeated cross-fostering×amiloride interaction.

CONCLUSIONS: Single-dose nebulized amiloride decreased repeated cross-fostering animals' carbon dioxide sensitivity and nociception indices to levels that were no different from those of control animals. Inasmuch as these results pertain to human anxiety and/or pain hypersensitivity, our findings provide a rationale for studying inhaled amiloride in some anxiety disorders and/or pain syndromes.

Alternate JournalJ. Psychopharmacol. (Oxford)
PubMed ID29968500