|Title||Embedded synaptic feedback in the neuroendocrine stress axis.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Cusulin, J I. Wamsteek, and Jaideep S. Bains|
|Date Published||2015 Jun|
Neural regulation of blood glucocorticoid levels is critical for defence of homeostasis during physiological or psychoemotional challenges. In mammals, this function is carried out by the neuroendocrine stress axis, coordinated by parvocellular neuroendocrine cells (PNCs) of the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus. Feedback regulation of PNCs by glucocorticoids provides complex experience-dependent shaping of neuroendocrine responses. We review recent evidence for metaplastic actions of glucocorticoids as 'circuit breakers' at synapses directly regulating PNC excitability and explore how such mechanisms may serve as substrates for stress adaptation.
|Alternate Journal||J. Neuroendocrinol.|