|Title||Enhancing KCC2 function counteracts morphine-induced hyperalgesia.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Ferrini, Francesco, Louis-Etienne Lorenzo, Antoine G. Godin, Miorie Le Quang, and Yves De Koninck|
|Date Published||2017 Jun 20|
Morphine-induced hyperalgesia (MIH) is a severe adverse effect accompanying repeated morphine treatment, causing a paradoxical decrease in nociceptive threshold. Previous reports associated MIH with a decreased expression of the Clextruder KCC2 in the superficial dorsal horn (SDH) of the spinal cord, weakening spinal GABA/glycine-mediated postsynaptic inhibition. Here, we tested whether the administration of small molecules enhancing KCC2, CLP257 and its pro-drug CLP290, may counteract MIH. MIH was typically expressed within 6-8 days of morphine treatment. Morphine-treated rats exhibited decreased withdrawal threshold to mechanical stimulation and increased vocalizing behavior to subcutaneous injections. Chloride extrusion was impaired in SDH neurons measured as a depolarizing shift in Eunder Clload. Delivering CLP257 to spinal cord slices obtained from morphine-treated rats was sufficient to restore Clextrusion capacity in SDH neurons. In vivo co-treatment with morphine and oral CLP290 prevented membrane KCC2 downregulation in SDH neurons. Concurrently, co-treatment with CLP290 significantly mitigated MIH and acute administration of CLP257 in established MIH restored normal nociceptive behavior. Our data indicate that enhancing KCC2 activity is a viable therapeutic approach for counteracting MIH. Chloride extrusion enhancers may represent an effective co-adjuvant therapy to improve morphine analgesia by preventing and reversing MIH.
|Alternate Journal||Sci Rep|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC5478677|