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TitleFemtosecond-written long-period gratings in fluoride fibers.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsHeck, Maximilian, Stefan Nolte, Andreas Tünnermann, Réal Vallée, and Martin Bernier
JournalOpt Lett
Volume43
Issue9
Pagination1994-1997
Date Published2018 May 01
ISSN1539-4794
Abstract

Long-period gratings induced in fluoride glass fibers using femtosecond laser pulses at 800 nm are, to the best of our knowledge, demonstrated for the first time. By means of tightly confined ultrashort laser pulses, smooth periodic lines of refractive index changes are induced along the fiber core. Taking advantage of heat accumulation effects in the focal volume, attenuation peaks down to -24  dB, with sharp and predictable spectral resonances, were obtained. Thermal annealing of the grating up to 250°C yielded a significant reduction of the induced refractive index change. The gratings could find applications in various integrated mid-infrared optical devices, such as optical notch filters in fiber amplifiers.

DOI10.1364/OL.43.001994
Alternate JournalOpt Lett
PubMed ID29714729