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TitleGamma frequency activation of inhibitory neurons in the acute phase after stroke attenuates vascular and behavioral dysfunction.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsBalbi, Matilde, Dongsheng Xiao, Max Jativa Vega, Hao Hu, Matthieu P. Vanni, Louis-Philippe Bernier, Jeffrey LeDue, Brian MacVicar, and Timothy H. Murphy
JournalCell Rep
Volume34
Issue5
Pagination108696
Date Published2021 Feb 02
ISSN2211-1247
Abstract

Alterations in gamma oscillations occur in several neurological disorders, and the entrainment of gamma oscillations has been recently proposed as a treatment for neurodegenerative disease. Optogenetic stimulation enhances recovery in models of stroke when applied weeks after injury; however, the benefits of acute brain stimulation have not been investigated. Here, we report beneficial effects of gamma-frequency modulation in the acute phase, within 1 h, after stroke. Transgenic VGAT-ChR2 mice are subject to awake photothrombotic stroke in an area encompassing the forelimb sensory and motor cortex. Optogenetic stimulation at 40 Hz in the peri-infarct zone recovers neuronal activity 24 h after stroke in motor and parietal association areas, as well as blood flow over the first week after stroke. Stimulation significantly reduces lesion volume and improves motor function. Our results suggest that acute-phase modulation of cortical oscillatory dynamics may serve as a target for neuroprotection against stroke.

DOI10.1016/j.celrep.2021.108696
Alternate JournalCell Rep
PubMed ID33535035