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TitleLoss of Adult 5-HT1A Autoreceptors Results in a Paradoxical Anxiogenic Response to Antidepressant Treatment.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsTurcotte-Cardin, Valérie, Faranak Vahid-Ansari, Christine Luckhart, Mireille Daigle, Sean D. Geddes, Kenji F. Tanaka, René Hen, Jonathan James, Zul Merali, Jean-Claude Béïque, and Paul R. Albert
JournalJ Neurosci
Volume39
Issue8
Pagination1334-1346
Date Published2019 Feb 20
ISSN1529-2401
Abstract

Selective serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are first-line antidepressants but require several weeks to elicit their actions. Chronic SSRI treatment induces desensitization of 5-HT1A autoreceptors to enhance 5-HT neurotransmission. Mice (both sexes) with gene deletion of 5-HT1A autoreceptors in adult 5-HT neurons () were tested for response to SSRIs. Tamoxifen-induced recombination in adult mice specifically reduced 5-HT1A autoreceptor levels. The mice showed a loss of 5-HT1A autoreceptor-mediated hypothermia and electrophysiological responses, but no changes in anxiety- or depression-like behavior. Subchronic fluoxetine (FLX) treatment induced an unexpected anxiogenic effect in mice in the novelty suppressed feeding and elevated plus maze tests, as did escitalopram in the novelty suppressed feeding test. No effect was seen in wild-type () mice. Subchronic FLX increased 5-HT metabolism in prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, and raphe of but not mice, suggesting hyperactivation of 5-HT release. To detect chronic cellular activation, FosB cells were quantified. FosB cells were reduced in entorhinal cortex and hippocampus (CA2/3) and increased in dorsal raphe 5-HT cells of mice, suggesting increased raphe activation. In but not mice, FLX reduced FosB cells in the median raphe, hippocampus, entorhinal cortex, and median septum, which receive rich 5-HT projections. Thus, in the absence of 5-HT1A autoreceptors, SSRIs induce a paradoxical anxiogenic response. This may involve imbalance in activation of dorsal and median raphe to regulate septohippocampal or fimbria-fornix pathways. These results suggest that markedly reduced 5-HT1A autoreceptors may provide a marker for aberrant response to SSRI treatment. Serotonin-selective reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are effective in treating anxiety and depression in humans and mouse models. However, in some cases, SSRIs can increase anxiety, but the mechanisms involved are unclear. Here we show that, rather than enhancing SSRI benefits, adulthood knockout (KO) of the 5-HT1A autoreceptor, a critical negative regulator of 5-HT activity, results in an SSRI-induced anxiety effect that appears to involve a hyperactivation of the 5-HT system in certain brain areas. Thus, subjects with very low levels of 5-HT1A autoreceptors, such as during childhood or adolescence, may be at risk for an SSRI-induced anxiety response.

DOI10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0352-18.2018
Alternate JournalJ. Neurosci.
PubMed ID30552180