|Title||Metaplasticity at CA1 Synapses by Homeostatic Control of Presynaptic Release Dynamics.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Soares, Cary, Kevin F. H. Lee, and Jean-Claude Béïque|
|Date Published||2017 Oct 31|
|Keywords||Animals, CA1 Region, Hippocampal, Female, Glutamic Acid, In Vitro Techniques, Long-Term Potentiation, Male, Microscopy, Fluorescence, Multiphoton, Neuronal Plasticity, Patch-Clamp Techniques, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Receptors, AMPA, Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate, Synaptic Potentials, Tetrodotoxin|
Hebbian and homeostatic forms of plasticity operate on different timescales to regulate synaptic strength. The degree of mechanistic overlap between these processes and their mutual influence are still incompletely understood. Here, we report that homeostatic synaptic strengthening induced by prolonged network inactivity compromised the ability of CA1 synapses to exhibit LTP. This effect could not be accounted for by an obvious deficit in the postsynaptic capacity for LTP expression, since neither the fraction of silent synapses nor the ability to induce LTP by two-photon glutamate uncaging were reduced by the homeostatic process. Rather, optical quantal analysis reveals that homeostatically strengthened synapses display a reduced capacity to maintain glutamate release fidelity during repetitive stimulation, ultimately impeding the induction, and thus expression, of LTP. By regulating the short-term dynamics of glutamate release, the homeostatic process thus influences key aspects of dynamic network function and exhibits features of metaplasticity.
|Alternate Journal||Cell Rep|