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TitleSpatial resolution versus contrast trade-off enhancement in high-resolution surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI) by metal surface nanostructure design.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsBanville, Frederic A., Julien Moreau, Mitradeep Sarkar, Mondher Besbes, Michael Canva, and Paul G. Charette
JournalOpt Express
Date Published2018 Apr 16

Surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI) is an optical near-field method used for mapping the spatial distribution of chemical/physical perturbations above a metal surface without exogenous labeling. Currently, the majority of SPRI systems are used in microarray biosensing, requiring only modest spatial resolution. There is increasing interest in applying SPRI for label-free near-field imaging of biological cells to study cell/surface interactions. However, the required resolution (sub-µm) greatly exceeds what current systems can deliver. Indeed, the attenuation length of surface plasmon polaritons (SPP) severely limits resolution along one axis, typically to tens of µm. Strategies to date for improving spatial resolution result in a commensurate deterioration in other imaging parameters. Unlike the smooth metal surfaces used in SPRI that support purely propagating surface modes, nanostructured metal surfaces support "hybrid" SPP modes that share attributes from both propagating and localized modes. We show that these hybrid modes are especially well-suited to high-resolution imaging and demonstrate how the nanostructure geometry can be designed to achieve sub-µm resolution while mitigating the imaging parameter trade-off according to an application-specific optimum.

Alternate JournalOpt Express
PubMed ID29715995