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TitleWide-Area All-Optical Neurophysiology in Acute Brain Slices.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsFarhi, Samouil L., Vicente J. Parot, Abhinav Grama, Masahito Yamagata, Ahmed S. Abdelfattah, Yoav Adam, Shan Lou, Jeong Jun Kim, Robert E. Campbell, David D. Cox, and Adam E. Cohen
JournalJ Neurosci
Volume39
Issue25
Pagination4889-4908
Date Published2019 Jun 19
ISSN1529-2401
Abstract

Optical tools for simultaneous perturbation and measurement of neural activity open the possibility of mapping neural function over wide areas of brain tissue. However, spectral overlap of actuators and reporters presents a challenge for their simultaneous use, and optical scattering and out-of-focus fluorescence in tissue degrade resolution. To minimize optical crosstalk, we combined an optimized variant (eTsChR) of the most blue-shifted channelrhodopsin reported to-date with a nuclear-localized red-shifted Ca indicator, H2B-jRGECO1a. To perform wide-area optically sectioned imaging in tissue, we designed a structured illumination technique that uses Hadamard matrices to encode spatial information. By combining these molecular and optical approaches we made wide-area functional maps in acute brain slices from mice of both sexes. The maps spanned cortex and striatum and probed the effects of antiepileptic drugs on neural excitability and the effects of AMPA and NMDA receptor blockers on functional connectivity. Together, these tools provide a powerful capability for wide-area mapping of neuronal excitability and functional connectivity in acute brain slices. A new technique for simultaneous optogenetic stimulation and calcium imaging across wide areas of brain slice enables high-throughput mapping of neuronal excitability and synaptic transmission.

DOI10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0168-19.2019
Alternate JournalJ. Neurosci.
PubMed ID30952812
Grant ListT32 GM008313 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States